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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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in Poland. The persecutions, which thousands of Poles are enduring in
Poland to-day and which afflict with particular severity all those citizens of
the Republic who have actively demonstrated their devotion to the cause of
freedom and independence by their implacable struggle against the German
invader, prove beyond any doubt that the so-called Polish Provisional
Government of National Unity in no way represents the will of the nation,
but constitutes a subservient body imposed on Poland by force from without.

" IV. The first attribution of the independence of a State is its freedom
to choose a government. In the present circumstances, the source of the
authority of the Government headed by M. Osobka-Morawski is a decision
made not by the Polish nation, but by three foreign Powers, one of which
controls de facto the whole administration of Poland through its army and
police forces. The legal basis of the authority of that Government can be
compared with the legal basis of the authority of the so-called governments
set up in occupied countries during the war by Germany. In both cases
they are based on the will of a foreign Power.

<c V. In such circumstances and acting on instructions from my
Government, I most solemnly protest against the recognition by the
British Government of a Government imposed on Poland by force of an
alien Power, which amounts to the recognition of the suppression of
Poland's independence. Once more in history., the Polish nation is being
deprived of its independence, though this time not as a result of events
which took place in Eastern Europe alone, but after a war which the United
Nations waged in defence of law and justice. Notwithstanding the
recognition by other Powers of its present subjection, the Polish nation
will never give up its right to independent existence and will never cease
to struggle for it.

" VI. As a protest against acts of violence inflicted on the Polish Nation,
I am obliged to refuse to delegate my functions, without the approval of
the constitutional Government of Poland, and to regard as an imposter any
person pretending to be authorised to claim my office.

Jan Ciechanowski, Polish Ambassador in Washington at a Press
Conference vouchsafed the following comment to a similar Note delivered
to the Government of the United States :
" I am compelled to leave my post. I do so with deep personal regret
Before leaving, however, I feel it is my duty to stress the tragic situation
in which the Polish nation now finds itself as a result of the world conflict
which brought victory to Poland's Allies, while to Poland, who was the
first to fight and who contributed so much to the common victory, it brought
defeat and loss of independence. The fate of Poland will be better under-
stood when it is realised that even defeated Nazi Germany loses less through
this war than Allied Poland has been forced to give up as a result of victory.
Moreover, Poland has been left under the uncontrolled occupation of a
foreign Power which is imposing upon her a Government and a political,
social and economic system alien to her.
" Poland's record as a fighting member of the United Nations during
this war is unassailable . . . While the war lasted, Poland's war effort was
appreciated by her Allies and declarations of admiration and encouragement
were lavished upon the Polish nation. Poland was called the inspiration
of nations and was repeatedly promised independence and support after
the war. These words of encouragement were accepted at their face value
by the Polish people. They firmly believed in the sincerity of the words
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